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解放黑人奴隶宣言的中英文对照

日期:2017-05-07 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

  《解放奴隶宣言》(The Emancipation Proclamation)是份由美国总统亚伯拉罕·林肯于1862年9月22日公布的宣言,其主张所有美利坚邦联叛乱下的领土之黑奴应享有自由,然而豁免的对象包含未脱离联邦的边境州,以及联邦掌控下的诸州。接下来是小编为大家收集的解放黑人奴隶宣言的中英文对照,欢迎大家阅读:

  解放黑人奴隶宣言的中英文对照

  Text of the Emancipation Proclamation (second part)

  A Proclamation.

  Whereas, on the 22d day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit:

  1862年9月22日,合众国总统曾发出一道宣言,其内容如下:

  "That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.

  "1863年元月1日起,凡在当地人民尚在反抗合众国的任何一州之内,或一州的指明地区之内,为人占有而做奴隶的人们都应在那时及以后永远获得自由;合众国政府行政部门,包括海陆军当局,将承认并保障这些人的自由,当他们或他们之中的任何人为自己的自由而作任何努力时,不作任何压制他们的行为。

  "That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be, in good faith, represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States."

  政府的行政部门将于上述的元月1日,以公告宣布那些州或那些州的那些地区的人民当时尚在反抗合众国,如果有的话;在那一天任何一州或其人民以大多数合法选举人参加选举出来的代表参加合众国国会,同时没有强有力的反证时,这种事实就是该州及其人民没有反抗合众国的确实证据"。

  Now, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-Chief, of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days, from the day first above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the people thereof respectively, are this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit:

  所以现在我,合众国总统亚伯拉罕·林肯,以在反抗合众国政府当局的武装叛变时期被授权为合众国海陆军总司令的职权,作为一个适当的、必须的战略措施以便镇压上述叛变,特于1863年元月1日,从上面第一次所说之日起至今足足一百天的期间,根据这样的目的公开宣布现在反对合众国者有如下诸州及某些州的下列地区及其人民:

  Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkeley, Accomack, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Anne, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth), and which excepted parts, are for the present left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.

  阿肯色、得克萨斯、路易西安那(除去圣伯尔拿、普拉奎明、哲斐孙、圣约翰、圣查理、圣詹姆士、亚森湘、亚森普欣、得里保恩、拉伐什、圣马利、圣马丁以及奥尔良等郡,包括新奥尔良城在内)、密西西比、亚拉巴马、佛罗里达、乔治亚、南卡罗来纳、北卡罗来纳和弗吉尼亚(除去西弗吉尼亚四十八个郡以及柏克立、阿康玛克、诺珊普顿、依利萨伯、约克、安公主、诺福克等郡包括诺福克和朴茨茅斯两城在内),这些除开的地区现在仍暂时维持本公告发出之前的原有状况。

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